Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia glutinosa

sticky clary

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeTropidothorax leucopterus
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus saxatilis
predatorMiridaeDicyphus flavoviridis
predatorMiridaeDicyphus geniculatus
leafpredatorMiridaeDicyphus cerastii
predatorMiridaeDicyphus epilobii
predatorMiridaeDicyphus errans
leafvagrantRhopalidaeCorizus hyoscyami
leafvagrantRhopalidaeRhopalus subrufus
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus quadrilineatus
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta cingulata
fruitborerEurytomidaeSystole salviae
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis palumbarius
rootgallApionidaeSquamapion elongatum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida atrata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina globosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina olivieri
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta falcatalis
stemborerTortricidaeEpinotia kochiana
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia punctidactyla
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces salviae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza scotina
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora virgatella
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia salviae
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus chamaedrys


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 18.iv.2022