Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia nemorosa

woodland sage, balkan clary

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantLygaeidaePlatyplax salviae
leafvagrantMiridaeAcetropis carinata
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris vandalicus
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachycoleus decolor
leafvagrantMiridaeChlorillus pictus
flowervagrantMiridaeLeptopterna euxinia
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
leafvagrantMiridaeNotostira poppiusi
leafvagrantMiridaeOncotylus punctipes
leafvagrantMiridaeParedrocoris pectoralis
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus chrysanthemi
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
flowervagrantLycaenidaePseudophilotes bavius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx decemnotata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus trepidus
leafvagrantTetranychidaePseudobryobia longisetis
unknownunknownCurculionidaePhrydiuchus augusti
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus paszlavszkyi
flowerborerNitidulidaeStachygethes assimilis
flowerborerNitidulidaeSagittogethes maurus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida canaliculata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida atrata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus salviae
stemborerCurculionidaePhrydiuchus topiarius
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia doleriformis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
fruitgallCynipidaeNeaylax salviae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces salviae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria salviae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza scotina
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia femoralis
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia schillingii
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia thymi
rootgallApionidaeSquamapion elongatum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.iii.2022