Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia nemorosa

woodland sage, balkan clary

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Gelechiidae Ethmia discrepitella
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Neoovularia ovata
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax nemorosae
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Platyplax salviae
leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis carinata
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris vandalicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Chlorillus pictus
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna euxinia
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira poppiusi
leaf vagrant Miridae Oncotylus punctipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Paredrocoris pectoralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Pseudophilotes bavius
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx decemnotata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus succineus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus trepidus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Pseudobryobia longisetis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Phrydiuchus augusti
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus paszlavszkyi
flower borer Nitidulidae Stachygethes assimilis
flower borer Nitidulidae Sagittogethes maurus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida canaliculata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida atrata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus obliteratus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus salviae
stem borer Curculionidae Phrydiuchus topiarius
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia femoralis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia schillingii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
root gall Apionidae Squamapion elongatum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.ii.2023