Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia officinalis

garden sage

synonym: Salvia grandiflora Ten., hispanica

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorEulophidaeAprostocetus forsteri
leafgalldoubtfulEriophyidaeAceria salviae
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster cathariae
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHalyomorpha halys
fruitvagrantPyrrhocoridaePyrrhocoris apterus
fruitvagrantRhopalidaeStictopleurus crassicornis
stemscaleDiaspididaeAonidiella aurantii
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
flowervagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeHelivictoria victorina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
leafvagrantErebidaeZekelita antiqualis
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta sanguinalis
flowervagrantLycaenidaePseudophilotes bavius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx collina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx rostrata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx salviae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx melissae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx zelleri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx decemnotata
leafvagrantTetranychidaePseudobryobia longisetis
flowerborerNitidulidaeSagittogethes ater
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina americana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo marginella
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta virginalis
leafhiddenLecithoceridaeOdites kollarella
unknownunknownElachistidaeDepressaria hirtipalpis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus creticus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafvagrantAphididaeEucarazzia elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia aerifrons
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis salviae
fruitgallCynipidaeNeaylax salviae
fruitgallCynipidaeNeaylax verbenaca
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces neosalviae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora salviae-officinalis
leafgallrarelyAphididaeMacrosiphoniella tanacetaria
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza scotina
leafminerCosmopterigidaeVulcaniella cognatella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia thymi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicvagrantAphididaeAphis passeriniana


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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