Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia officinalis

garden sage

synonym: Salvia grandiflora Ten., hispanica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Micantulina stigmatipennis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx gyaurdagicus
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Dysmicoccus angustifrons
unknown unknown Thripidae Echinothrips americanus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips ericae
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips gloriosus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia longisetis
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Capperia britanniodactylus
predator Eulophidae Aprostocetus forsteri
leaf gall doubtful Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster cathariae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Halyomorpha halys
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Stictopleurus crassicornis
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
flower vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Helivictoria victorina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta sanguinalis
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Pseudophilotes bavius
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx collina
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx rostrata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx salviae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx atropunctata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx melissae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx zelleri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx florida
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx decemnotata
flower borer Nitidulidae Sagittogethes ater
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina americana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo marginella
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta virginalis
leaf hidden Lecithoceridae Odites kollarella
unknown unknown Elachistidae Depressaria hirtipalpis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus creticus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus cardui
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia aerifrons
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax verbenaca
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces neosalviae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis
leaf gall rarely Aphididae Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella cognatella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis passeriniana


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.i.2024