meadow clary

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer larva Apionidae Squamapion leucophaeatum
stem borer Curculionidae Phrydiuchus topiarius
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia schmidtiiformis
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
stem miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis lituanica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax verbenaca
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura salviae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis
leaf down doubtful Peronosporales Peronospora swinglei
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys quercicola
leaf miner main Chrysomelidae Dibolia femoralis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia schillingii
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora virgatella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella extremella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia stipina
root gall Apionidae Squamapion elongatum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 13.iv.2019