Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia pratensis

meadow clary

synonym: Salvia ceratophylloides, variegata

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer younger larva Coleophoridae Coleophora ornatipennella
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria salviae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Neoovularia ovata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia salviae-pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Hadrodemus m-flavum
leaf vagrant doubtful Cydnidae Sehirus luctuosus
leaf vagrant rarely Cydnidae Canthophorus dubius
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Platyplax inermis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Platyplax salviae
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Rhopalus subrufus
leaf vagrant Miridae Macrotylus herrichi
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Sciaphobus scitulus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Eusomus ovulum
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Brachysomus setiger
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis massalongoi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Eugnorisma glareosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia baja
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Euxoa decora
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammoconia caecimacula
stem borer Noctuidae Hydraecia micacea
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia suturalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis ononis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
flower vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Helivictoria victorina
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-pratensis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparia purpurata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euplagia quadripunctaria
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant Geometridae Pseudopanthera macularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia zonaria
leaf hidden Pyralidae Udea fulvalis
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Pseudophilotes bavius
leaf vagrant Crambidae Pyrausta cingulata
leaf vagrant Crambidae Pyrausta rectefascialis
fruit borer Eurytomidae Systole salviae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx stachydearum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Emelyanoviana mollicula
leaf vagrant adult Cercopidae Cercopis sanguinolenta
leaf vagrant rarely Tingidae Galeatus maculatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus succineus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis intermedius
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Pseudobryobia longisetis
leaf miner doubtful Curculionidae Pseudorchestes heringi
unknown unknown doubtful Curculionidae Datonychus transsylvanicus
flower borer Nitidulidae Stachygethes assimilis
flower borer Nitidulidae Sagittogethes maurus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida viridis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida canaliculata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida atrata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus obliteratus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus salviae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galeruca pomonae
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta virginalis
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta aurata
stem borer Tortricidae Epinotia kochiana
leaf gall Aphrophoridae Philaenus spumarius
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus paszlavszkyi
stem borer larva Apionidae Squamapion leucophaeatum
stem borer Curculionidae Phrydiuchus topiarius
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia schmidtiiformis
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
stem miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis lituanica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax verbenaca
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura salviae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys quercicola
leaf miner main Chrysomelidae Dibolia femoralis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia schillingii
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora virgatella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella extremella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
root gall Apionidae Squamapion elongatum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 21.i.2023