Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia pratensis

meadow clary

synonym: Salvia ceratophylloides, variegata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia zonaria
leafhiddenPyralidaeUdea fulvalis
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia centaureata
flowervagrantLycaenidaePseudophilotes bavius
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta cingulata
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta rectefascialis
fruitborerEurytomidaeSystole salviae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeCercopis sanguinolenta
leafvagrantrarelyTingidaeGaleatus maculatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis intermedius
leafvagrantTetranychidaePseudobryobia longisetis
leafminerdoubtfulCurculionidaePseudorchestes heringi
unknownunknowndoubtfulCurculionidaeDatonychus transsylvanicus
flowerborerNitidulidaeStachygethes assimilis
flowerborerNitidulidaeSagittogethes maurus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida canaliculata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida atrata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus salviae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca pomonae
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta virginalis
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
stemborerTortricidaeEpinotia kochiana
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus paszlavszkyi
stemborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion leucophaeatum
stemborerCurculionidaePhrydiuchus topiarius
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia doleriformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia schmidtiiformis
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
stemminerNepticulidaeGlaucolepis lituanica
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis salviae
fruitgallCynipidaeNeaylax salviae
fruitgallCynipidaeNeaylax verbenaca
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura salviae
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum salviae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces salviae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora salviae-officinalis
leafdowndoubtfulPeronosporalesPeronospora swinglei
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria salviae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza salviae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza scotina
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys quercicola
leafminermainChrysomelidaeDibolia femoralis
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia schillingii
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora virgatella
leafminerCosmopterigidaeVulcaniella extremella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia stipina
rootgallApionidaeSquamapion elongatum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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