Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia sclarea


organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
unknown unknown Thripidae Thrips fedorovi
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Neoovularia ovata
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
stem borer Cerambycidae Neomusaria balcanica
stem borer Cerambycidae Neomusaria merkli
flower vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Helivictoria victorina
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis
fruit borer Eurytomidae Systole cuspidata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx atropunctata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lycopi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus obliteratus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus aramaicus
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta virginalis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia schmidtiiformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia proximata
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella grandiferella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.xi.2023