Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salvia verticillata

whorled clary

synonym: Salvia regeliana

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf vagrant Miridae Macrotylus herrichi
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Platyplax salviae
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Oncotylus viridiflavus
root collar vagrant doubtful Miridae Capsus ater
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris vandalicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus histrio
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus inustus
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Pseudophilotes bavius
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis intermedius
unknown unknown Curculionidae Phrydiuchus tau
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus obliteratus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida viridis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida canaliculata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus salviae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes obtusus
stem borer Curculionidae Phrydiuchus topiarius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis verticillatae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia schmidtiiformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
leaf miner main Agromyzidae Phytomyza salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia nigrescens
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis passeriniana


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 11.vii.2022