organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia obenbergeri
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia aerifrons
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora bifrondella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower down Peronosporales Peronospora stigmaticola
leaf bud gall doubtful Eriophyidae Aceria thomasi
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora saturejae-hortensis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora obtectella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa artemisiella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
leaf bud gall Aphididae Aphis serpylli

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 26.ii.2019