Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Thymus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta lamiorum
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeBianchiella sarmatica
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeStygnocoris rusticus
flowervagrantPyralidaeHypotia corticalis
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeNotochilus ferrugineus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeIschnocoris hemipterus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaePionosomus varius
seedsvagrantLygaeidaePionosomus opacellus
predatorTorymidaeTorymus thymi
predatorPteromalidaeMesopolobus diffinis
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris morio
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius ericae
leafvagrantCoreidaeSpathocera lobata
leafvagrantCoreidaeBathysolen nubilus
rootvagrantThyreocoridaeThyreocoris scarabaeoides
leafvagrantdoubtfulCydnidaeSehirus luctuosus
leafvagrantrarelyCydnidaeCanthophorus dubius
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontoscelis fuliginosa
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster affinis
leafvagrantGeometridaeCompsoptera opacaria
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster artemisiae
leafvagrantrarelyCydnidaeAdomerus biguttatus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster artemisiae
leafvagrantrarelyCydnidaeLegnotus limbosus
rootvagrantrarelyScutelleridaePhimodera humeralis
flowervagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeMicroplax interrupta
root collarvagrantPentatomidaeSciocoris maculatus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster artemisiae
leafvagrantCoreidaeArenocoris waltlii
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris flammula
leafvagrantTingidaeLasiacantha histricula
leafvagrantRhopalidaeRhopalus distinctus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus olivaceus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus fusciloris
leafvagrantPentatomidaeStaria lunata
leafvagrantMiridaeTinicephalus rubiginosus
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris ribauti
leafvagrantTingidaeKalama tricornis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris crux
root collarvagrantPentatomidaeSciocoris cursitans
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus melanotoma
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus albus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeMegalonotus hirsutus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeCodophila varia
leafvagrantRhopalidaeRhopalus conspersus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeTropistethus holosericus
root collarvagrantLygaeidaeCamptotelus lineolatus
leafvagrantBerytidaeBerytinus signoreti
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontotarsus freyi
leafvagrantBerytidaeNeides aduncus
leafvagrantBerytidaeBerytinus distinguendus
leafvagrantBerytidaeBerytinus montivagus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeOrtholomus punctipennis
leafvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeMacroplax preyssleri
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthocephalus saltator
fruitvagrantPyrrhocoridaePyrrhocoris apterus
leafvagrantRhopalidaeStictopleurus punctatonervosus
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris exoletus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeNezara viridula
seedsvagrantCoreidaeCoriomeris scabricornis
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeTropidophlebia costalis
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster artemisiae
leafvagrantPentatomidaeStagonomus bipunctatus
leafvagrantMiridaeMegalocoleus dissimilis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeParafoucartia squamulata
leafvagrantMiridaeOmphalonotus quadriguttatus
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterotoma merioptera
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus bipunctatus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia schneideri
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus rugifrons
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia thymi
stemscaleCoccidaeExaeretopus formiceticola
scaleOrtheziidaeOrthezia maroccana
scaleOrtheziidaeOrthezia yashushii
leafvagrantGeometridaeDyscia distinctaria
leafvagrantNolidaeNola thymula
scalePseudococcidaePelionella manifecta
scalePseudococcidaePeliococcus latitubulatus
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus artiguesi
scalePseudococcidaePeliococcus courzius
scalePseudococcidaePeliococcus spinigerus
scalePseudococcidaePelionella proeminens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
leafvagrantNoctuidaeRhyacia lucipeta
rootvagrantNoctuidaeAgrotis cinerea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia ashworthii
flowervagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeEupithecia rosmarinata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCaradrina morpheus
leafvagrantGeometridaeAspitates gilvaria
flowervagrantErebidaeSchrankia taenialis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta auricoma
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula rubiginata
flowervagrantErebidaeSchrankia costaestrigalis
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeScopula rufomixtaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCleora cinctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos furvata
leafvagrantGeometridaeSiona lineata
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aerealis
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta limbopunctalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa pullata
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeScopula marginepunctata
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa glaucinaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula submutata
leafvagrantGeometridaeIdaea litigiosaria
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta rectefascialis
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia distinctaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia semigraphata
leafvagrantGeometridaeSynopsia sociaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia satyrata
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeHospitalia flavolineata
leafvagrantGeometridaePetrophora convergata
leafvagrantGeometridaeDasypteroma thaumasia
leafvagrantGeometridaeCalamodes occitanaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAspitates ochrearia
leafvagrantGeometridaeCompsoptera jourdanaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCamptogramma bilineata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula incanata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula immorata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula ornata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula decorata
leafvagrantGeometridaeIdaea sylvestraria
flowervagrantyounger larvaLycaenidaePhengaris arion
leafvagrantGeometridaeThalera fimbrialis
leafvagrantLycaenidaePseudophilotes vicrama
leafvagrantLycaenidaePseudophilotes barbagiae
leafvagrantLycaenidaePseudophilotes baton
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena purpuralis
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta cingulata
leafhiddenCrambidaeMecyna flavalis
leafvagrantTingidaeDerephysia foliacea
leafvagrantCicadellidaePlanaphrodes trifasciatus
stemborerBuprestidaeMeliboeus aeratus
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta nigrata
leafvagrantDouglasiidaeKlimeschia transversella
leafvagrantCicadellidaeErythria ferrarii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeErythria alpina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeScleroracus orichalceus
unknownunknowndoubtfulDouglasiidaeKlimeschia thymetella
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCirculifer haematoceps
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia lithuanica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia lithuanica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita pusilla
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia austriaca
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia frisia
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx notata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita dumosa
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGoniagnathus brevis
leafvagrantTingidaeLasiacantha hermani
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita szelenica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeErythria aureola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia lapidicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx decemnotata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantTingidaeLasiacantha capucina
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus bergeali
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella occidentalis
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips reuteri
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips titschacki
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes oreophilus
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes lugubris
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes acicularis
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes funereus
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes exilis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina affinis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina femoralis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus andalusicus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratoides
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina baetica
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina americana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina cerealis
rootscaleDiaspididaeRhizaspidiotus canariensis
stemgallEriococcidaeRhizococcus devoniensis
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha cespitana
stemscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus thymelaeae
rootscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus gnidii
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
stemscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus reynei
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta virginalis
leafhiddenPyralidaeMoitrelia italogallicella
rootscalePseudococcidaePeliococcus multispinus
leafhiddenPyralidaePempeliella sororiella
leafhiddenPyralidaeDelplanqueia inscriptella
rootscalePseudococcidaeHeliococcus radicicola
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis comptana
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus thymi
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto pilosellae
stemscaleCerococcidaeAntecerococcus intermedius
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta purpuralis
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis adactyla
leafhiddenPyralidaePempeliella ornatella
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia malacodactylus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia leucodactyla
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta ostrinalis
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris cuspidella
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris flavilaterella
leafhiddenOecophoridaePleurota aristella
leafhiddenPyralidaeMoitrelia hispanella
leafhiddenPyralidaeDelplanqueia dilutella
leafhiddenPyralidaePempeliella ardosiella
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta sanguinalis
flowervagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia tridactyla
leafhiddenCosmopterigidaeAlloclita recisella
flowervagrantTortricidaeEupoecilia angustana
flowerborerPterophoridaeStenoptilia stigmatodactylus
unknownunknownlarvaApionidaeSquamapion oblivium
unknownunknownlarvaApionidaeSquamapion minutissimum
fruitvagrantGelechiidaeThiotricha subocellea
root collarborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeSquamapion flavimanum
leafgallApionidaeSquamapion serpyllicola
leaf budinquilineEriophyidaeAculops thymi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia obenbergeri
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia paveli
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia aerifrons
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia cryptocephala
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis mastichinae
fruitboreryounger larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia serpylli
budgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella thymi
leaf budgallAphididaeAphis serpylli
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeBayeriola thymicola
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria thomasi
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus minor
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces monardae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza thymi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora niveicostella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora obtectella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora pyrenaica
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serpylletorum
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora struella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora thymi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora tolli
leafminerCosmopterigidaeVulcaniella grabowiella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa artemisiella
leafminerGelechiidaeSophronia humerella
leafminerNepticulidaeGlaucolepis thymi
leafminerScythrididaeScythris picaepennis
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia stipae
leafpustuleurediniaPuccinialesUredo morvernensis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia tendae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia serpylli
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia thymi
stemgallApionidaeSquamapion atomarium
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatus mentharius
leafgallAphididaeAphis origani

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 30.vii.2022