Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Holmskioldia chinese hat plant

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a rather long, slender, generally upper-surface gallery; larva a maggot: Liriomyza trifolii

* The taxonomic position is moot; the genus often is placed witihin the Verbenaceae.

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017