Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Fraxinus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta osteospora
leafleaf spotVenturiaceaeFusicladium fraxini
stemkankerNectriaceaeThyronectria aurigera
stemkankerNectriaceaeThyronectria coryli
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella maculiformis
stemscaleCoccidaeFilippia follicularis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus planipennis
leafvagrantAcanthosomatidaeAcanthosoma haemorrhoidale
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea solitaria
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeEremocoris abietis
predatorrarelyMiridaeDicyphus pallidus
stemborerCossidaeZeuzera pyrina
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus calabricus
leafpredatorMiridaePhytocoris populi
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus variabilis
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius minutus
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius niger
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus quercus
leafvagrantMiridaeMermitelocerus schmidtii
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris serenus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeGraptopeltus lynceus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemorum
leafvagrantPentatomidaeRhaphigaster nebulosa
predatorMiridaeCampyloneura virgula
leafvagrantMiridaeMegacoelum infusum
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius majusculus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHalyomorpha halys
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris dimidiatus
stempredatorAnthocoridaeTemnostethus gracilis
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus nassatus
leafvagrantMiridaeReuteria marqueti
predatorMiridaePilophorus perplexus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus hedenborgi
predatorPentatomidaePinthaeus sanguinipes
leafvagrantMiridaeCapsodes bicolor
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris tiliae
leafvagrantPentatomidaePentatoma rufipes
stemvagrantPentatomidaePalomena prasina
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus inancozgeni
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus marginalis
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris confusus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemoralis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris longipennis
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus biclavatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha spinosula
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachynotocoris puncticornis
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus assimilis
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus viridinervis
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePsallus perrisi
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus tenellus
leafvagrantMiridaePseudoloxops coccineus
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris lutescens
leafvagrantMiridaeNeolygus viridis
leafvagrantMiridaePinalitus cervinus
leafvagrantdoubtfulMiridaePsallus vittatus
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus ambiguus
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePsallus falleni
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus flavellus
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus varians
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus enejokosu
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus anashanti
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaeSalicarus roseri
leafvagrantMiridaeMermitelocerus schmidtii
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus lepidus
predatorMiridaeHeterotoma planicornis
fruitvagrantrarelyPyrrhocoridaePyrrhocoris apterus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris simulans
leafvagrantMiridaeTropidosteptes pacificus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus tenebricosus
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria fraxiniflora
leafvagrantSphingidaeMimas tiliae
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus crataegi
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus marginatus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis vaualbum
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavoniella
scaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus pyri
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus uvae
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria oleae
stemborerCerambycidaeTrichoferus campestris
leafvagrantErebidaeHyphantria cunea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNaenia typica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAnorthoa munda
stemborerrarelyCerambycidaeCerambyx cerdo
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua fimbriata
stemborerCecidomyiidaeXylodiplosis nigritarsis
stemborerCecidomyiidaeXylodiplosis nigritarsis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia incerta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeTiliacea sulphurago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCraniophora pontica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLithophane socia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLithophane furcifera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia trapezina
flowervagrantNoctuidaeAtethmia centrago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAsteroscopus sphinx
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAsteroscopus syriaca
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMormo maura
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCraniophora ligustri
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma neustria
leafvagrantErebidaeCallimorpha dominula
leafvagrantGeometridaeEpirrita dilutata
leafvagrantErebidaeCoscinia striata
leafvagrantErebidaeCalliteara pudibunda
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis chrysorrhoea
leafvagrantErebidaeArctia caja
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeCampaea margaritaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaePoecilocampa populi
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeLasiocampa quercus
leafvagrantNotodontidaePhalera bucephala
leafvagrantLasiocampidaePhyllodesma tremulifolia
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pyri
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia lunularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia tetralunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
leafvagrantGeometridaeColotois pennaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston betularia
leafvagrantGeometridaePhigalia pilosaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis aurantiaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia hirtaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAbraxas pantaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis tusciaria
leafhiddendoubtfulCrambidaeAnania coronata
leafvagrantGeometridaeTrichopteryx polycommata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia subfuscata
flowervagrantrarelyGeometridaeEupithecia innotata
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypomecis punctinalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeChloroclysta siterata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas italica
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia exiguata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas maturna
leafvagrantGeometridaeApeira syringaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEnnomos fuscantaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLaeosopis roboris
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLithophane semibrunnea
leafvagrantSphingidaeDolbina elegans
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
stemborerCurculionidaePlatypus cylindrus
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeSphinx ligustri
stemborerBuprestidaeEurythyrea micans
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia madridensis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia thalassophila
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus convexicollis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia bicolor
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia brevis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia deaurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia podolica
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris affinis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus graminis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus beauprei
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadella viridis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIgutettix oculatus
stemvagrantIssidaeIssus muscaeformis
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius nervosus
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes scotti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFagocyba cruenta
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus attenuatus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus wachtli
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus muricatus
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus caucasicus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus monographus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus fraxini
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus crenatus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus orni
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus toranio
stemborerCurculionidaeTaphrorychus villifrons
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus rhododactylus
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeScolytus scolytus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeScolytus kirschii
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron signatum
leafvagrantCurculionidaeStereonychus phyllireae
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia ulmophila
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus fraxini
leafvagrantCurculionidaeStereonychus fraxini
leafvagrantdoubtfulThripidaeDendrothrips saltatrix
leafvagrantThripidaeOxythrips halidayi
leafvagrantThripidaeOxythrips ulmifoliorum
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus fulvomaculatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips minutissimus
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
leafvagrantmainThripidaeDendrothrips degeeri
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEupareophora exarmata
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAglaostigma nebulosum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster punctulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis antennata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya punctumalbum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo vespa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
stemvagrantEriococcidaeGossyparia spuria
stemborerPyralidaeEuzophera pinguis
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus lenticularis
stemborerCuruculionidae – BostrichinaeHylesinus fraxini
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
stemscaleDiaspididaePseudaulacaspis pentagona
leafhiddendoubtfulElachistidaeSemioscopis steinkellneriana
leafhiddenYponomeutidaeZelleria hepariella
fruitunknowndoubtfulTortricidaePammene ignorata
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha parenthesella
stemborerTortricidaePammene suspectana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugitivella
leafhiddenCrambidaePalpita vitrealis
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris amplicollis
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis corylana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
fruitborerTortricidaePseudargyrotoza conwagana
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeLignyodes suturatus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeLignyodes enucleator
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTomostethus nigritus
fruitborerRhynchitidaeRhodocyrtus cribripennis
leafscaleAleyrodidaeDialeurodes citri
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeStomaphis graffii
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella quercivora
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
leafgallAphididaeProciphilus fraxinifolii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
fruitborerYponomeutidaePrays ruficeps
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia marchali
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura helenae
fruitgallCurculionidaeLignyodes bischoffi
fruitgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis machinosus
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria fraxinivora
leaf budgallsummer generationPsyllidaePsyllopsis repens
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe syringae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia fraxini
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCladosporium fraxinicola
leafgallspring generationAphididaeProciphilus bumeliae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeProciphilus fraxini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeTrigonodiplosis fraxini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura acrophila
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura fraxinea
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura fraxini
leafgallDiaporthalesApiognomonia errabunda
leafgallEriophyidaeTegolophus califraxini
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria fraxinicola
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus epiphyllus
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus fraxini
leafgallspring generationPsyllidaePsyllopsis repens
leafgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis discrepans
leafgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis distinguenda
leafgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis dobreanuae
leafgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis fraxini
leafgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis fraxinicola
leafgallPsyllidaePsyllopsis meliphila
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza fraxini
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza heringii
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora badiipennella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia cuculipennella
leafminerGracillariidaeGracillaria syringella
leafminerNepticulidaeEtainia obtusa
leafminerYponomeutidaePrays fraxinella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus collaris
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
stemgallPseudomonadalesPseudomonas savastanoi pv fraxini
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemoviposition scarLestidaeLestes viridis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne ardenensis
unknownunknownGracillariidaeGracillaria loriolella
predatorCecidomyiidaeArthrocnodax fraxinellus
inquilineCecidomyiidaeClinodiplosis botularia
inquilineCecidomyiidaeClinodiplosis invocata
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis pavida
stemscaleEriococcidaePseudochermes fraxini
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.ix.2022