Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ligustrum vulgare

wild privet

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula imitaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes ilicaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus convexicollis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIgutettix oculatus
flowervagrantyounger larvaAdelidaeAdela croesella
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeFieberiella bohemica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFieberiella florii
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus smreczynskii
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo vespa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya punctumalbum
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeTenthredo temula
leafhiddenCrambidaePalpita vitrealis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis consimilana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDoloploca punctulana
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
fruitborerTortricidaePseudargyrotoza conwagana
leaf budvagrantEriophyidaeAceria ligustri
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafscaleCoccidaeLichtensia viburni
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria pergandii
flowergallCecidomyiidaePlacochela nigripes
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe syringae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe syringae-japonicae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia fraxini
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCercospora ligustrina
leafgallAphididaeMyzus ligustri
leafgallspring generationrarelyAphididaeProciphilus bumeliae
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia cuculipennella
leafminerGracillariidaeGracillaria syringella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus ligustri
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella ligustri
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 6.v.2021