Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Olea europaea

synonym: Olea sativa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaeZeuzera pyrina
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus pubifrons
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia bicolor
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSynophropsis lauri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHishimonus hamatus
leafvagrantIssidaeLatilica maculipes
stemborerCurculionidaeChaetoptelius vestitus
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus muricatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus perrisi
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus toranio
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus fraxini
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus scarabaeoides
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips oleae
leafvagrantCurculionidaeStereonychus fraxini
leafvagrantdoubtfulThripidaeDendrothrips saltatrix
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeCompsothrips albosignatus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeRaoiella macfarlanei
leafvagrantLiviidaeEuphyllura straminea
stemborerPyralidaeEuzophera pinguis
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus lenticularis
leafhiddenCrambidaePalpita vitrealis
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus olearius
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus oleae
leafgallEriophyidaeShevtchenkella barensis
leafgallEriophyidaeShevtchenkella oleae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops benakii
flowervagrantEriophyidaeAculus olearius
fruitborerRhynchitidaeRhodocyrtus cribripennis
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus finitimus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus olivinus
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria floccifera
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafscaleCoccidaeLichtensia viburni
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes flava
systemicscalemainDiaspididaeParlatoria oleae
stemvagrantspring generationAphididaeProciphilus oleae
fruitborerBotryosphaerialesCamarosporium dalmaticum
fruitborerCecidomyiidaeAsynapta furcifer
fruitborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera berlesiana
fruitborerTephritidaeBactrocera oleae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura oleae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria cretica
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria oleae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria olivi
leafgallPsyllidaeEuphyllura olivina
leafminerGracillariidaeMetriochroa latifoliella
leafminerYponomeutidaePrays oleae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeDitrymacus athiasella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeOxycenus maxwelli
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegolophus hassani
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella oleisuga
stemgallPseudomonadalesPseudomonas savastanoi pv savanastoi
unknownunknownPsyllidaeEuphyllura phillyreae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeLasioptera oleicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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