Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Olea europaea

synonym: Olea europaea subsp. oleaster; Olea sativa, sylvestris

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus solani
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira vitalei
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira natalii
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira robusticornis
unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira ochsi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Heteromeiropsis zariquieyi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira exigua
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira pfisteri
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira nebrodensis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira holdhausi
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips marrubiicola
unknown unknown Thripidae Thrips mareoticus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus cribricollis
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips minutus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
stem vagrant Issidae Latilica antalyca
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips gloriosus
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips knechteli
leaf hidden Thripidae Anaphothrips obscurus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Pezothrips kellyanus
unknown unknown Thripidae Prosopothrips nigriceps
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips discolor
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips italicus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips andresi
stem vagrant Issidae Agalmatium flavescens
stem vagrant Issidae Latematium cingulatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesoprionus besikanus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prinobius myardi
root borer Cerambycidae Vesperus luridus
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
unknown unknown Diaspididae Aonidiella citrina
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus atlanticus
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
leaf scale doubtful Diaspididae Leucaspis pini
unknown scale Diaspididae Suturaspis archangelskyae
stem vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia attica
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Zelleria oleastrella
stem borer Pyralidae Euzophera bigella
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Pseudodiplodia oleaginea
stem kanker Botryosphaeriaceae Neofusicoccum parvum
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus caudatus
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
unknown unknown Depressariidae Rosetea corfuella
leaf leaf spot Marthamycetaceae Marthamyces panizzei
leaf leaf spot Elsinoaceae Elsinoë oleae
leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Truncatella angustata
stem kanker Nectriaceae Fusarium lateritium
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora cladosporioides
stem scale Coccidae Filippia follicularis
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
flower vagrant Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Halyomorpha halys
flower vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Artheneis foveolata
predator Miridae Deraeocoris delagrangei
leaf vagrant Alydidae Nemausus sordidatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris pilifer
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris pinihalepensis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris mediterraneus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus integriceps
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Allothrips pillichellus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachynotocoris cyprius
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris scitulus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus aurifer
stem scale Asterolecaniidae Pollinia pollini
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
stem scale Diaspididae Leucaspis riccae
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus moriger
vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus spaticus
scale Pelionella cycliger
leaf scale Coccidae Saissetia coffeae
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis tripidiperda
stem borer adult Bostrichidae Schistoceros bimaculatus
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia lataniae
fruit predator Cecidomyiidae Trisopsis oleae
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus jaapi
stem scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus britannicus
leaf bud vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus atalantae
stem vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus chalkidicus
stem vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus hellenicus
stem vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus macedonicus
vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus olivicola
predator Eulophidae Quadrastichus dasineurae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes umbraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Menophra japygiaria
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Laeosopis roboris
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
fruit borer Tortricidae Lobesia botrana
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus pubifrons
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia bicolor
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Synophropsis lauri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hishimonus hamatus
leaf vagrant Issidae Latilica maculipes
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus muricatus
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus perrisi
stem borer Curculionidae Hylesinus toranio
stem borer Curculionidae Hylesinus fraxini
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus scarabaeoides
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips oleae
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Stereonychus fraxini
leaf vagrant doubtful Thripidae Dendrothrips saltatrix
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Compsothrips albosignatus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Raoiella macfarlanei
leaf vagrant Liviidae Euphyllura straminea
stem borer Pyralidae Euzophera pinguis
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus lenticularis
leaf hidden Crambidae Palpita vitrealis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus olearius
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus oleae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella barensis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella oleae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops benakii
flower vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus olearius
fruit borer Rhynchitidae Rhodocyrtus cribripennis
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus finitimus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus olivinus
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes flava
systemic scale main Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
stem vagrant spring generation Aphididae Prociphilus oleae
fruit borer Botryosphaeriales Camarosporium dalmaticum
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Asynapta furcifer
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera berlesiana
fruit borer Tephritidae Bactrocera oleae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura oleae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria cretica
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria oleae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria olivi
leaf gall Psyllidae Euphyllura olivina
leaf miner Gracillariidae Metriochroa latifoliella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Prays oleae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Ditrymacus athiasella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Oxycenus maxwelli
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegolophus hassani
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella oleisuga
stem gall Pseudomonadales Pseudomonas savastanoi pv savanastoi
unknown unknown Psyllidae Euphyllura phillyreae
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera oleicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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