Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Phillyrea

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia oleaginea
leaf leaf spot Helotiales incertae sedis Cylindrosporium phillyreae
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta bacilligera
leaf leaf spot Dermateaceae Neofabraea vagabunda
leaf leaf spot Diaporthaceae Phomopsis phillyreae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta phillyrina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria phillyreae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Italiofungus phillyreae
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia phillyreae
stem scale Coccidae Filippia follicularis
predator Torymidae Torymus phillyreae
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachynotocoris cyprius
predator Anthocoridae Cardiastethus fasciiventris
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris buxi
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha longispinis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Placotettix taeniatifrons
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris sanctipetri
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus varians
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha spinosula
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammopolia witzenmanni
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria dispar
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Crocallis dardoinaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis tusciaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cyclophora puppillaria
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Laeosopis roboris
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Dolbina elegans
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia thalassophila
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila cuspidata
stem borer Buprestidae Galbella felix
leaf vagrant Issidae Latilica tunetana
unknown unknown Thripidae Dendrothrips phyllireae
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus scarabaeoides
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Stereonychus phillyreae
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Stereonychus fraxini
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Compsothrips albosignatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Cionellus gibbifrons
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Zelleria hepariella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia decorella
leaf hidden Crambidae Palpita vitrealis
leaf miner Depressariidae Cacochroa permixtella
flower vagrant Gelechiidae Thiotricha coleella
fruit borer Rhynchitidae Rhodocyrtus cribripennis
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus olivinus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Simplaleurodes hemisphaerica
stem vagrant spring generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus oleae
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Probruggmanniella phillyreae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Braueriella phillyreae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza phillyreae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Metriochroa latifoliella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Silliana lhommei
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Prays oleae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Zaghouania phillyreae
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura rufescens
unknown unknown Psyllidae Euphyllura phillyreae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 12.xi.2022