Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Phillyrea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotVenturiaceaeVenturia phillyreae
stemscaleCoccidaeFilippia follicularis
predatorTorymidaeTorymus phillyreae
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachynotocoris cyprius
predatorAnthocoridaeCardiastethus fasciiventris
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris buxi
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha longispinis
leafvagrantCicadellidaePlacotettix taeniatifrons
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris sanctipetri
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus varians
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha spinosula
leafscaleCoccidaeLichtensia viburni
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmmopolia witzenmanni
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeCrocallis dardoinaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis tusciaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora puppillaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLaeosopis roboris
leafvagrantSphingidaeDolbina elegans
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia thalassophila
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
stemborerBuprestidaeGalbella felix
leafvagrantIssidaeLatilica tunetana
unknownunknownThripidaeDendrothrips phyllireae
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus scarabaeoides
leafvagrantCurculionidaeStereonychus phillyreae
leafvagrantCurculionidaeStereonychus fraxini
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeCompsothrips albosignatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionellus gibbifrons
leafhiddenYponomeutidaeZelleria hepariella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia decorella
leafhiddenCrambidaePalpita vitrealis
leafminerDepressariidaeCacochroa permixtella
flowervagrantGelechiidaeThiotricha coleella
fruitborerRhynchitidaeRhodocyrtus cribripennis
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus olivinus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSimplaleurodes hemisphaerica
stemvagrantspring generationrarelyAphididaeProciphilus oleae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeProbruggmanniella phillyreae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeBraueriella phillyreae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza phillyreae
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia cuculipennella
leafminerGracillariidaeGracillaria syringella
leafminerGracillariidaeMetriochroa latifoliella
leafminerTenthredinidaeSilliana lhommei
leafminerYponomeutidaePrays oleae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesZaghouania phillyreae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura rufescens
unknownunknownPsyllidaeEuphyllura phillyreae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.ix.2022