Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Melampyrum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDermateaceaeMarssonia melampyri
leafleaf spotPezizomycotina incertae sedisLeptothyrium melampyri
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta kriegeriana
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta melampyri
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria melampyri
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella melampyrina
predatorMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia coleosporii
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia melampyri
leafvagrantMiridaeCapsodes flavomarginatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulMiridaeHadrodemus m-flavum
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
leafvagrantMiridaeMecomma ambulans
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthocephalus saltator
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops kalmii
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus marginalis
leafvagrantMiridaeParedrocoris pectoralis
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
flowervagrantMiridaeStenotus binotatus
flowervagrantMiridaeGrypocoris sexguttatus
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris roseomaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
predatorMiridaeMalacocoris chlorizans
leafvagrantMiridaeNotostira elongata
leafvagrantMiridaeNotostira poppiusi
leafvagrantMiridaeOncotylus punctipes
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris austriacus
leafvagrantCydnidaeAdomerus biguttatus
leafvagrantNoctuidaePyrrhia umbra
flowervagrantErebidaeSchrankia taenialis
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
flowervagrantErebidaeSchrankia costaestrigalis
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia satyrata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia subumbrata
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia laquaearia
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia plumbeolata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas maturna
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea athalia
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus kutscherai
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis adactyla
flowerhiddenCrambidaeAnania fuscalis
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
fruitborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza flavofemorata
unknownunknownAgromyzidaePhytomyza nigrifemur
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora tranzscheliana
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera phtheirospermi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora melampyri
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara densa
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia nemoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium melampyri
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus persicae
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza rostrata
stemborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera melampyri
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum melampyri
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 21.xi.2022