Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pedicularis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulErebidaePhytometra viridaria
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia laquaearia
flowervagrantspring generationTortricidaeGynnidomorpha vectisana
stemborersummer generationTortricidaeGynnidomorpha vectisana
fruitborerScathophagidaeGimnomera tarsea
fruitborerScathophagidaeGimnomera hirta
rootvagrantlarvaAphrophoridaeAphrophora major
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips dilatatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips palustris
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus holsaticus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
flowerhiddenCrambidaeAnania fuscalis
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
flowervagrantTortricidaeEndothenia marginana
fruitborerTortricidaeFalseuncaria ruficiliana
stemborerTortricidaeGynnidomorpha minimana
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus luteus
stemborerPterophoridaeParaplatyptilia metzneri
fruitborerTortricidaeGynnidomorpha permixtana
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza diversicornis
fruitborerdoubtfulAgromyzidaePhytomyza nigroorbitalis
fruitborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza tenella
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus rhinanthi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera phtheirospermi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora pedicularis
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara densa
leafgallEriophyidaeAculops pedicularis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pedicularifolii
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia paludosa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium euphrasiae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesCronartium flaccidum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora pedicularis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia clintonii
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia pedicularis
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon calvulus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus padellus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus zirnitsi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 17.vii.2021