Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Antirrhinum majus


organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea incisaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea cervantaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Charissa subtaurica
fruit borer Curculionidae Rhinusa vestita
leaf miner Crambidae Antigastra catalaunalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis lichenea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria antirrhini
leaf leaf spot Gnomoniaceae Diplodina euphrasiae
predator Miridae Dicyphus epilobii
leaf vagrant Miridae Dicyphus escalerae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Calophasia platyptera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Pyrrhia umbra
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula asellaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dasypteroma thaumasia
fruit gall Curculionidae Rhinusa antirrhini
flower borer Kateretidae Brachypterolus vestitus
flower borer Kateretidae Brachypterolus antirrhini
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina sanguinolenta
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina gypsophilae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina latecincta
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina kuesteri
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Heterophoma poolensis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia cordata
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
unknown unknown Pterophoridae Stenoptilia grisescens
root collar gall doubtful Curculionidae Mecinus sicardi
stem gall Curculionidae Mecinus barbarus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Nasonovia ribisnigri
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora antirrhini
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
fruit gall Curculionidae Rhinusa neta
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia antirrhini
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
stem vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis gallica


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.xii.2023