Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Antirrhinum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowervagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeOmphalophana antirrhinii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCalophasia almoravida
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCalophasia opalina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCalophasia platyptera
leafvagrantNoctuidaePyrrhia umbra
leafvagrantGeometridaeIdaea litigiosaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula imitaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula asellaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeDasypteroma thaumasia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea deione
fruitgallCurculionidaeRhinusa antirrhini
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerborerKateretidaeBrachypterolus vestitus
flowerborerKateretidaeBrachypterolus antirrhini
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina sanguinolenta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina gypsophilae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina latecincta
leafleaf spotPleosporalesHeterophoma poolensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia cordata
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
fruitborerTortricidaeFalseuncaria ruficiliana
flowerborerdoubtfulTortricidaeCochylis roseana
fruitborerTortricidaeFalseuncaria ruficiliana
unknownunknownPterophoridaeStenoptilia grisescens
root collargalldoubtfulCurculionidaeMecinus sicardi
stemgallCurculionidaeMecinus barbarus
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora antirrhini
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
fruitgallCurculionidaeRhinusa neta
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafgallUstilaginalesMelanotaenium antirrhini
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCrambidaeAntigastra catalaunalis
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia lineata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia antirrhini
root collargallCosmopterigidaeEteobalea serratella
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
stemvagrantAphididaeDysaphis gallica


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 31.x.2021