Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Digitalis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem vagrant Aphididae Myzus antirrhinii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis lichenea
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Entylomataceae Entyloma variabile
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum fuscum
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta digitalis
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium oxysporum
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Macrosporium digitalis
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta tremniacensis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria digitalicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria digitalis
leaf leaf spot Gnomoniaceae Diplodina euphrasiae
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Scolopostethus thomsoni
predator Miridae Dicyphus digitalidis
flower vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus molliculus
leaf vagrant Berytidae Gampsocoris culicinus
predator Miridae Dicyphus geniculatus
leaf predator Miridae Dicyphus cerastii
predator Miridae Dicyphus epilobii
leaf vagrant Miridae Dicyphus pallicornis
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Lygaeus simulans
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Barynotus moerens
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Melanocoryphus albomaculatus
predator Miridae Dicyphus bolivari
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Horvathiolus superbus
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia linariata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia ashworthii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anaplectoides prasina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Pachetra sagittigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epilecta linogrisea
stem borer Noctuidae Gortyna flavago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammoconia caecimacula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Charanyca ferruginea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia vulgata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Camptogramma bilineata
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melitaea deione
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melitaea didyma
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia pyreneata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melitaea athalia
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hauptidia maroccana
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis variegata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia ferugana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia genitalana
fruit borer main Agromyzidae Napomyza scrophulariae
stem borer Tortricidae Endothenia lapideana
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora digitalis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia digitalis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza digitalis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphis armata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum melampyri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.v.2023