Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Globularia alypum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Stereonychus telonensis
unknown scale Diaspididae Contigaspis farsetiae
stem borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Eteobalea albiapicella
flower borer older larva Cosmopterigidae Eteobalea albiapicella
root scale Pseudococcidae Peliococcus globulariae
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia cyanophylli
flower borer Cosmopterigidae Eteobalea alypella
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurotrachelus globulariae
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf scale Diaspididae Contigaspis bilobis
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis alypella


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.ix.2023