Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Plantago

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas italica
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas cynthia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea cinxia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAthetis hospes
flowervagrantspring generationTortricidaeGynnidomorpha vectisana
stemborersummer generationTortricidaeGynnidomorpha vectisana
rootborerGelechiidaeOxypteryx unicolorella
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis temperei
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAphrodes bicinctus
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes obsoletus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx notata
leafvagrantUlopidaeUtecha trivia
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia ribauti
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx vittata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeMecinus circulatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus bytinskii
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus pardoi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus anacardius
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMecinus marina
unknownunknownCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus dawsoni
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus spurnyi
rootvagrantCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus niger
flowergallunknown on Plantago lanceolata
unknownunknowndoubtfulCurculionidaeMecinus haemorrhoidalis
fruitgallCurculionidaeMecinus alboscutellatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaePhaedon concinnus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina bankii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus scaphidioides
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus vilis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus longiseta
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus melanocephalus
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus plantagomaritimus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus scutellaris
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lewisii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus pratensis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus reichei
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus kutscherai
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minimus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina staphylaea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina haemoptera
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina limbata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina vernalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina latecincta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina gypsophilae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina sanguinolenta
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeTenthredo marginella
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAmetastegia equiseti
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis variegata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis nigronotata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytoliriomyza variegata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo obsoleta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo olivacea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAmetastegia glabrata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo atra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo omissa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia cordata
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta despicata
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto pilosellae
leafhiddenCrambidaeNomophila noctuella
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafvagrantdoubtfulGelechiidaeAcompsia tripunctella
leafleaf spotHelotialesMollisia plantaginis
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
unknownunknownTortricidaeCnephasia communana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeParamesia gnomana
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips atratus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips nigropilosus
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeCelypha striana
rootborerTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
flowervagrantTortricidaeEndothenia marginana
flowerborerTortricidaeFalseuncaria degreyana
rootborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma sinuella
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowervagrantTortricidaeEupoecilia angustana
rootborerGelechiidaeEulamprotes unicolorella
unknownunknownPterophoridaeStenoptilia bigoti
rootborerCosmopterigidaeEteobalea dohrnii
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria littorella
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia lasiopa
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus rufulus
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus troglodytes
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus latiusculus
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus suturalis
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus labilis
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeMecinus comosus
unknownunknownlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus variabilis
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus pirazzolii
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus crassifemur
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeMecinus elongatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeMecinus seriatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeMecinus tychioides
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeMecinus humeralis
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus thalammeri
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeGymnetron stimulosum
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeGymnetron rostellum
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus simus
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
fruitborerCurculionidaeMecinus ictericus
fruitborerCurculionidaeMecinus plantaginis
fruitborerCurculionidaeMecinus pascuorum
AphididaeDysaphis plantaginis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
fruitborerTortricidaeGynnidomorpha permixtana
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallHypocrealesGibberella fujikuroi var. subglutinans
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella schmidti
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus collaris
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus pyraster
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria barroisi
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces sordidus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera plantaginis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora alta
leafleaf spotBotryosphaerialesPhyllosticta plantaginis
leafleaf spotdoubtfulCapnodialesRamularia plantaginis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia rhabdospora
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma plantaginis
leafgallEriophyidaeLeipothrix coactus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza griffithsi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza plantaginis
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda splendida
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerGracillariidaeAspilapteryx multipunctella
leafminerdoubtfulGracillariidaeAspilapteryx spectabilis
leafminerdoubtfulGracillariidaeAspilapteryx tringipennella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerScythrididaeScythris picaepennis
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium erieum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium plantagineum
leafpustuleHelotialesSpilopodia nervisequa
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia cynodontis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis aucupariae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria plantaginissubulatae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus jaceae
stemborerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa samadensis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis longirostris
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis plantaginis
rootvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis vandergooti
rootvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lucifugus
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantAphididaeDysaphis maritima

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.v.2021