Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Plantago lanceolata

ribwort plantain

synonym: Plantago glabriflora, lanuginosa

see Nieminen & Vikberg (2015a).

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea cinxia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas maturna
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia ribauti
leafvagrantUlopidaeUtecha trivia
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus kutscherai
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus bytinskii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lewisii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeMecinus circulatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus anacardius
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus spurnyi
rootvagrantCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus niger
flowergallunknown on Plantago lanceolata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina bankii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus longiseta
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus melanocephalus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus pratensis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus reichei
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina gypsophilae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina latecincta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina haemoptera
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina limbata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina vernalis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo omissa
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta despicata
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto pilosellae
leafleaf spotHelotialesMollisia plantaginis
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips nigropilosus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeCelypha striana
rootborerTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
flowervagrantTortricidaeEndothenia marginana
flowerborerTortricidaeFalseuncaria degreyana
rootborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma sinuella
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia lasiopa
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus rufulus
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus troglodytes
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeMecinus labilis
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeGymnetron stimulosum
fruitborerCurculionidaeMecinus pascuorum
AphididaeDysaphis plantaginis
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallHypocrealesGibberella fujikuroi var. subglutinans
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella schmidti
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus collaris
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus pyraster
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces sordidus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera plantaginis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora alta
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia rhabdospora
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma plantaginis
leafgallEriophyidaeLeipothrix coactus
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza plantaginis
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerGracillariidaeAspilapteryx tringipennella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium erieum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium plantagineum
leafpustuleHelotialesSpilopodia nervisequa
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia cynodontis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis aucupariae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria plantaginissubulatae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus jaceae
stemborerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa samadensis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis plantaginis
rootvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lucifugus

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.v.2021