Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Plantago major

greater plantain

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea cinxia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas italica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAphrodes bicinctus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia ribauti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx vittata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus kutscherai
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus spurnyi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus niger
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus melanocephalus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lewisii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus pratensis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus reichei
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus scutellaris
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina latecincta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina haemoptera
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina vernalis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo olivacea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis nigronotata
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta despicata
leafhiddenCrambidaeNomophila noctuella
leafleaf spotHelotialesMollisia plantaginis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia lasiopa
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeGymnetron rostellum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella schmidti
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus collaris
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces sordidus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera plantaginis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora alta
leafleaf spotBotryosphaerialesPhyllosticta plantaginis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia plantaginis
leafgallEriophyidaeLeipothrix coactus
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza griffithsi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza plantaginis
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda splendida
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia cynodontis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
root collarvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis longirostris
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis plantaginis
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
rootvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis vandergooti
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis aucupariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 8.v.2021