Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Plantago maritima

sea plantain

synonym: Plantago krascheninnikowii, schrenkii

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea cinxia
rootborerGelechiidaeOxypteryx unicolorella
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minimus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus vilis
rootvagrantdoubtfulCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
leafvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaePhaedon concinnus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus pratensis
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus melanocephalus
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus plantagomaritimus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus reichei
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina latecincta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina haemoptera
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina staphylaea
unknownunknownTortricidaeCnephasia communana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
rootborerdoubtfulPyralidaeHomoeosoma sinuella
rootborerGelechiidaeEulamprotes unicolorella
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus rufulus
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeMecinus comosus
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus thalammeri
fruitborerTortricidaeGynnidomorpha permixtana
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella schmidti
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus collaris
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces sordidus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera plantaginis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora alta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza plantaginis
leafminerGracillariidaeAspilapteryx tringipennella
stemborerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa samadensis
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis longirostris
leafvagrantAphididaeDysaphis maritima


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 8.v.2021