Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Plantago media

hoary plantain

synonym: Plantago urvillei

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea cinxia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia ribauti
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus pratensis
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus melanocephalus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lewisii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minimus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus scutellaris
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina limbata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo omissa
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta despicata
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto pilosellae
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
fruitborerCurculionidaeMecinus plantaginis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis longirostris
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella schmidti
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus collaris
flowergallCurculionidaeMecinus pyraster
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces sordidus
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera plantaginis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora alta
leafleaf spotdoubtfulCapnodialesRamularia rhabdospora
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia plantaginis
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma plantaginis
leafgallEriophyidaeLeipothrix coactus
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza griffithsi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza plantaginis
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda splendida
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia cynodontis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis plantaginis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis aucupariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 8.v.2021