Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Veronica beccabunga

brooklime

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownunknowndoubtfulCurculionidaeSmicronyx fulvipes
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon armoraciae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus holsaticus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina staphylaea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris junci
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAthalia bicolor
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeGymnetron rostellum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus cerasi
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
systemicgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura similis
fruitgallCurculionidaeGymnetron veronicae
fruitgallCurculionidaeGymnetron villosulum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella veronicae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera fuliginea
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora grisea
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
stemgallCurculionidaeGymnetron beccabungae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
systemicvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis triglochinis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.ix.2020