Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Veronica chamaedrys

germander speedwell

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCerastis rubricosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAgrochola nitida
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus cerasi
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea athalia
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSeptoria veronicae
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeEupteryx origani
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya sanguinolenta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDulophanes morio
leafscaledoubtfulEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus cracens
unknownunknowndoubtfulTortricidaeAethes triangulana
systemicvagrantPterophoridaeStenoptilia pterodactyla
fruitboreryounger larvaAdelidaeCauchas fibulella
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeGymnetron rotundicolle
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeGymnetron rostellum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia paveli
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura similis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella veronicae
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria anceps
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera fuliginea
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora agrestis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza crassiseta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza veronicicola
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus latus
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeGymnetron melanarium
stemgallPlasmodiophoralesSorosphaerula veronicae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis incolens
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae beccabungae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis korshunovi
rootvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis vandergooti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.x.2021