Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Veronica officinalis

heath speedwell

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSeptoria veronicae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus holsaticus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus longiseta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDulophanes morio
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
fruitboreryounger larvaAdelidaeCauchas fibulella
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeGymnetron pyrenaicum
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeGymnetron rostellum
leafleaf spotincertae sedisDiscogloeum veronicae
systemicgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura similis
flowergallincertae sedisSchroeteria delastrina
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella veronicae
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria anceps
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera fuliginea
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora grisea
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma veronicae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza crassiseta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza veronicicola
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia veronicarum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeGymnetron aper
stemgallCurculionidaeGymnetron melanarium


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.v.2021