organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown borer doubtful Syrphidae Cheilosia velutina
root borer Syrphidae Cheilosia variabilis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Rhinusa bipustulata
fruit borer Agromyzidae Napomyza scrophulariae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia masariformis
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Curculionidae Rhinusa neta
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia scrophulariae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia scrophulariae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis scrophulariae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera phtheirospermi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera xanthii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora sordida
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia carneola
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis verbasci
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza verbasci
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf miner Gelechiidae Nothris congressariella
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces scrophulariae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.