Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Scrophularia nodosa

common figwort

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus rutilus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus suturatus
fruitvagrantCurculionidaeCionus hortulanus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCleopus pulchellus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionus clairvillei
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionus nigritarsis
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeCionus thapsus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionus schoenherri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nigrofasciatus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus alauda
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus tuberculosus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus scrophulariae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis antennata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo scrophulariae
unknownborerdoubtfulSyrphidaeCheilosia velutina
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia variabilis
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeRhinusa bipustulata
fruitborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza scrophulariae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia scrophulariae
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia scrophulariae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera phtheirospermi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora sordida
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia carneola
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza verbasci
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesUromyces scrophulariae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.xi.2020