Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Verbascum lychnitis

white mullein

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta banatica
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta verbascina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia digitalis
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Raglius alboacuminatus
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia kirbyi
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia lychnitis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia verbasci
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melitaea ignasiti
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melitaea didyma
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Emelyanoviana mollicula
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Micantulina stigmatipennis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus tabidus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Cionus alauda
unknown unknown Curculionidae Cionus clairvillei
fruit vagrant Curculionidae Cionus hortulanus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Cionus nigritarsis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Cionus olivieri
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Cionus scrophulariae
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Cionus tuberculosus
fruit gall larva Curculionidae Rhinusa tetra
flower hidden doubtful Curculionidae Cionus longicollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Cionus montanus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus foudrasi
leaf hidden Curculionidae Cionus leonhardi
flower hidden Curculionidae Cionus thapsus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Cionus ganglbaueri
leaf hidden Crambidae Paracorsia repandalis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia masariformis
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia verbasci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura verbasci
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces verbasci
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula verbasci
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora verbasci
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verbasci
stem gall Curculionidae Rhinusa asellus
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis verbasci


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.i.2023