Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Verbascum thapsus

great mullein

synonym: Verbascum simplex

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulCydnidaeSehirus luctuosus
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeKleidocerys resedae
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeSphragisticus nebulosus
flowervagrantMiridaeMegalocoleus molliculus
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris vandalicus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeGraptopeltus lynceus
leafvagrantCoreidaeArenocoris fallenii
leafvagrantRhopalidaeLiorhyssus hyalinus
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeEmblethis denticollis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus chrysanthemi
predatorMiridaeCampylomma verbasci
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia c-nigrum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAnarta trifolii
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia scrophulariae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia lanceolata
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia lychnitis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCucullia verbasci
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania verbascalis
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea trivia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea ignasiti
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia absinthiata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafvagrantrarelyCicadellidaeMicantulina stigmatipennis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus suturatus
fruitgalllarvaCurculionidaeRhinusa tetra
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCleopus pulchellus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus alauda
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionus clairvillei
fruitvagrantCurculionidaeCionus hortulanus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus scrophulariae
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus tuberculosus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCleopus solani
unknownunknownCurculionidaeRhinusa verbasci
unknownunknownCurculionidaeRhinusa comosa
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionus montanus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nigrofasciatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus tabidus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeCionus olivieri
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeCionus thapsus
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeCionus longicollis
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCionus nigritarsis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafhiddenCrambidaeParacorsia repandalis
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria verbasci
leafminerCurculionidaeCionus olens
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza verbasci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia verbasci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura verbasci
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces verbasci
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula verbasci
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora verbasci
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia digitalis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza verbasci
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia verbasci
leafminerGelechiidaeNothris verbascella
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesUromyces verbasci
stemgallCurculionidaeRhinusa asellus
leafgallAphididaeAphis verbasci


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.vii.2022