Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Atropa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta daturae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis rurinana
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora erythroseptica
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales incertae sedis Phoma exigua var. exigua
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Sphaerella belladonnae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora physalidis
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum atropae
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta atropae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta atropae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella atropina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria moesiaca
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia atropae
leaf vagrant Miridae Dicyphus hyalinipennis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia lucipara
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ectropis crepuscularia
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Acherontia atropos
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Epitrix atropae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Epitrix pubescens
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Leptinotarsa decemlineata
root borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes affinis
root borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes hyoscyami
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo ferruginea
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo mioceras
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis antennata
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf miner rarely Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa costella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya hyoscyami
leaf miner Glyphipterigidae Acrolepia autumnitella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium belladonnae
root gall Heteroderidae Globodera rostochiensis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 31.viii.2023