Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Capsicum annuum

cayenne pepper, bell pepper, sweet pepper

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantMiridaeLiocoris tripustulatus
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
leafvagrantMiridaeCreontiades pallidus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSpodoptera exigua
stemscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus longispinus
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus solenopsis
scalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus solani
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus aonidum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia oleracea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis peltigera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeTrichoplusia ni
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSpodoptera cilium
root collarhiddenCrambidaeDuponchelia fovealis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella occidentalis
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
stemborerPyralidaeEuzophera osseatella
fruitborerCrambidaeSceliodes laisalis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus boczeki
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus dispersus
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera tremblayi
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum rufiabdominale
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia gennadii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora tabacina
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria kuko
leafgallTarsonemidaePolyphagotarsonemus latus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza huidobrensis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops lycopersici


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.ii.2022