Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Capsicum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root gall Pratylenchidae Nacobbus aberrans
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus turkestani
leaf borer Aphelenchoididae Aphelenchoides besseyi
root vagrant Tenebrionidae Opatrum sabulosum
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
leaf scale Coccidae Saissetia coffeae
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria solani
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium albo-atrum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Phaeoramularia capsicicola
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales incertae sedis Phoma exigua var. exigua
fruit down Pleosporaceae Alternaria capsici-annui
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria alternata
stem film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora nicotianae
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
root vagrant Cydnidae Macroscytus brunneus
leaf vagrant Miridae Liocoris tripustulatus
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
leaf vagrant Miridae Creontiades pallidus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus longispinus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spodoptera exigua
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus solenopsis
scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus solani
scale Pseudococcidae Phenacocccus gossypii
leaf hidden Crambidae Hydriris ornatalis
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia oleracea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Trichoplusia ni
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Chrysodeixis chalcites
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spodoptera cilium
root collar hidden Crambidae Duponchelia fovealis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Agrius convolvuli
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera nigricornis
leaf miner Gelechiidae Phthorimaea operculella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
stem borer Pyralidae Euzophera osseatella
fruit borer Crambidae Sceliodes laisalis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis spectrana
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus boczeki
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurodicus dispersus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera tremblayi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic miner>borer Gelechiidae Tuta absoluta
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia gennadii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora tabacina
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria kuko
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Polyphagotarsonemus latus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza huidobrensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops lycopersici


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 17.ix.2023