Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hyoscyamus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeCercospora physalidis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDryadocoris apicalis
leafvagrantBerytidaeGampsocoris culicinus
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus pygmaeus
leafvagrantRhopalidaeLiorhyssus hyalinus
leafvagrantRhopalidaeCorizus hyoscyami
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris serenus
flowervagrantPentatomidaeAelia acuminata
leafpredatorMiridaeDicyphus cerastii
predatorMiridaeNesidiocoris tenuis
leafvagrantBerytidaeNeides tipularius
predatorMiridaeDicyphus tamaninii
leafvagrantMiridaeDicyphus umbertae
predatorMiridaeDicyphus bolivari
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis nubigera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeChrysodeixis chalcites
leafvagrantPyralidaeUdea ferrugalis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix dieckmanni
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix atropae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix pubescens
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes affinis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLeptinotarsa decemlineata
leafhiddenGelechiidaeScrobipalpa hyoscyamella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafvagrantCoccidaePulvinaria floccifera
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces hyoscyami
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora hyoscyami
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya hyoscyami
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa ergasima
leafminerGelechiidaeMicrolechia chretieni
leafminerGelechiidaePhthorimaea operculella
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia lineata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes hyoscyami
rootgallHeteroderidaeGlobodera rostochiensis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium endobioticum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.viii.2022