Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Nicotiana

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantNoctuidaeAgrotis puta
leafhiddenCrambidaeHydriris ornatalis
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus aonidum
root collarvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa aquilina
rootvagrantNoctuidaeAgrotis ipsilon
leafvagrantNoctuidaePeridroma saucia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMamestra brassicae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
leafvagrantNoctuidaeThysanoplusia orichalcea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeChrysodeixis chalcites
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAthetis hospes
leafvagrantErebidaeDicallomera fortunata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis peltigera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSpodoptera exigua
leafvagrantNymphalidaeVanessa cardui
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
leafvagrantSphingidaeAgrius convolvuli
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia sohrab
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia distinguenda
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus evansi
flowerhiddenPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips gowdeyi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix pubescens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix hirtipennis
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura simonyi
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces tabaci
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces longipes
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus floccissimus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafvagrantCoccidaePulvinaria floccifera
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora tabacina
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerGelechiidaePhthorimaea operculella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops lycopersici
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
rootgallLongidoridaeParalongidorus maximus
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne arenaria
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne incognita
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne javanica
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne thamesi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.x.2021