Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Nicotiana

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spodoptera frugiperda
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Listroderes costirostris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Chrysodeixis acuta
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
predator Phlaeothripidae Xylaplothrips fuliginosus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips hawaiiensis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips kurdistanus
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips setiger
stem borer Cerambycidae Hesperoferus machadoi
root vagrant Tenebrionidae Opatrum sabulosum
leaf vagrant Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa erichi
root gall Olpidiaceae Olpidium brassicae
stem film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora nicotianae
root film Pythiaceae Pythium aphanidermatum
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
root film Pythiaceae Pythium perniciosum
root film Pythiaceae Pythium splendens
leaf film Pythiaceae Globisporangium ultimum
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
leaf leaf spot Botryosphaeriaceae Macrophomina phaseolina
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia nicotiana
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium oxysporum
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria longipes
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta nicotianae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta tabaci
fruit leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta capsulicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora physalidis
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis segetum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mniotype usurpatrix
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cornutiplusia circumflexa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ctenoplusia limbirena
flower vagrant Coreidae Leptoglossus gonagra
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus furcula
predator Miridae Macrolophus costalis
predator Miridae Macrolophus pygmaeus
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris coreanus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris ventralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris pabulinus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus pandurus
predator Miridae Dicyphus errans
predator Reduviidae Empicoris rubromaculatus
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Liorhyssus hyalinus
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis puta
leaf hidden Crambidae Hydriris ornatalis
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Euxoa aquilina
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis ipsilon
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Peridroma saucia
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Thysanoplusia orichalcea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Chrysodeixis chalcites
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Athetis hospes
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fortunata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spodoptera exigua
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Vanessa cardui
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Agrius convolvuli
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Acherontia atropos
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia sohrab
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hauptidia distinguenda
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus evansi
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips gowdeyi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Epitrix pubescens
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Epitrix hirtipennis
leaf hidden Crambidae Loxostege sticticalis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura simonyi
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces tabaci
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces longipes
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurodicus floccissimus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf vagrant Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic miner>borer Gelechiidae Tuta absoluta
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora tabacina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Gelechiidae Phthorimaea operculella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Nasonovia ribisnigri
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops lycopersici
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root gall Longidoridae Paralongidorus maximus
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne arenaria
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne incognita
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne javanica
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne thamesi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 23.i.2024