Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Solanum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCirculifer tenellus
rootborerGelechiidaeTecia solanivora
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania japonica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAustroagallia caboverdensis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeBrachypterona vieirai
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSophonia orientalis
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca decipiens
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca pteridis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAustroagallia sinuata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx aurata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus panzeri
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus quinquecostatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia distinguenda
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia maroccana
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus evansi
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella occidentalis
leafvagrantThripidaeHercinothrips bicinctus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips neolongiceps
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips roepkei
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix hirtipennis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix cucumeris
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix papa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix atropae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix pubescens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix intermedia
flowerborerNitidulidaePria dulcamarae
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes affinis
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes dulcamarae
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeOchrosis ventralis
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLeptinotarsa decemlineata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLeptinotarsa decemlineata
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes hyoscyami
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeGaleruca tanaceti
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
rootgallAnguinidaeNacobbus aberrans
stemgallActinomycetalesClavibacter michiganensis
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAmetastegia equiseti
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis variegata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAmetastegia glabrata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo atra
rootgallActinomycetalesStreptomyces scabies
rootscalePseudococcidaePeliococcus chersonensis
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeScrobipalpa hyoscyamella
stemborerPyralidaeEuzophera osseatella
fruitborerCrambidaeSceliodes laisalis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowerhiddenmainThripidaeThrips atratus
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus boczeki
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces longipes
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces lycopersici
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces longipes
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus dispersus
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae frangulae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus peruvianus
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera tremblayi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum rufiabdominale
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia gennadii
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia trabuti
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia solani
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera solanacearum
leafdownErysiphalesPseudoidium neolycopersici
leafdownPeronosporalesPhytophthora infestans
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria kuko
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria lycopersici
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza huidobrensis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza sativae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya dulcamarae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya hyoscyami
leafminerdoubtfulChrysomelidaeOchrosis ventralis
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa costella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa ergasima
leafminerGelechiidaeKeiferia lycopersicella
leafminerGelechiidaePhthorimaea operculella
leafminermainGlyphipterigidaeAcrolepia autumnitella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops lycopersici
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
rootborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus destructor
rootborerPratylenchidaePratylenchus pratensis
rootgallHeteroderidaeGlobodera pallida
rootgallHeteroderidaeGlobodera rostochiensis
rootgallLongidoridaeParalongidorus maximus
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne arenaria
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne chitwoodi
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne incognita
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne javanica
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne thamesi
rootgallPlasmodiophoralesSpongospora subterranea
rootpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium endobioticum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis dulcamarae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus cymbalariae
root collarvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeMaculolachnus submacula
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae beccabungae
rootvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus latysiphon
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 13.ii.2021