Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lycopersicon esculentum


synonym: Lycopersicum esculentum; Solanum lycopersicon, lycopersicum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCirculifer tenellus
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania japonica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAustroagallia caboverdensis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeBrachypterona vieirai
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia distinguenda
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia maroccana
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus evansi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix pubescens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix hirtipennis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix cucumeris
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix papa
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes affinis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLeptinotarsa decemlineata
rootgallAnguinidaeNacobbus aberrans
stemgallActinomycetalesClavibacter michiganensis
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
stemborerPyralidaeEuzophera osseatella
fruitborerCrambidaeSceliodes laisalis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces longipes
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces lycopersici
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
root collarvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeMaculolachnus submacula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPseudoidium neolycopersici
leafdownPeronosporalesPhytophthora infestans
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria lycopersici
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza huidobrensis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza sativae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerGelechiidaeKeiferia lycopersicella
leafminerGelechiidaePhthorimaea operculella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops lycopersici
rootborerPratylenchidaePratylenchus pratensis
rootgallHeteroderidaeGlobodera rostochiensis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne arenaria
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne chitwoodi
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne incognita
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne javanica
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne thamesi
rootpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium endobioticum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.ii.2021