Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Solanum dulcamara

bittersweet

synonym: Solanum depilatum, littorale

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips roepkei
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix pubescens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix intermedia
flowerborerNitidulidaePria dulcamarae
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes affinis
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes dulcamarae
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeOchrosis ventralis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLeptinotarsa decemlineata
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes hyoscyami
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAmetastegia equiseti
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAmetastegia glabrata
leafhiddenGelechiidaeScrobipalpa hyoscyamella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia solani
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera solanacearum
leafdownPeronosporalesPhytophthora infestans
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria lycopersici
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya dulcamarae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya hyoscyami
leafminerGelechiidaePhthorimaea operculella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa costella
leafminermainGlyphipterigidaeAcrolepia autumnitella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
rootgallHeteroderidaeGlobodera rostochiensis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne arenaria
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 19.viii.2020