Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Solanum nigrum

black nightshade

synonym: Solanum dillenii, humile, morella subsp. nigrum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorEulophidaeNecremnus cosmopterix
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius cymoides
flowervagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus furcula
predatorMiridaeDicyphus epilobii
leafpredatorMiridaeDicyphus errans
predatorMiridaeDicyphus flavoviridis
leafvagrantRhopalidaeCorizus hyoscyami
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
NoctuidaeSpodoptera littoralis
leafvagrantErebidaeUtetheisa pulchella
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia maroccana
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus evansi
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus evansi
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes dulcamarae
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips neolongiceps
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix atropae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix pubescens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix hirtipennis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix cucumeris
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix intermedia
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeEpitrix papa
flowerborerNitidulidaePria dulcamarae
rootborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes affinis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLeptinotarsa decemlineata
stemgallActinomycetalesClavibacter michiganensis
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus boczeki
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia trabuti
leafdownPeronosporalesPhytophthora infestans
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria kuko
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria lycopersici
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya hyoscyami
leafminerGelechiidaePhthorimaea operculella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa ergasima
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
rootgallHeteroderidaeGlobodera rostochiensis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified