Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Bassia smotherweed, burningbush, ragweed

Incl. Echinopsilon, Kochia, Maireana. Maireana ciliata (Kochia ciliata) is an Australian species that has been introduced into Spain.

Dichotomous table for leafminers

(For a dichotomous table for galls on Bassia by Hans Roskam click here)

1a larva mines from a transportable case, making fleck mines, without frass => 2

1b larva mines from the inside => 3

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a case incrusted with sand grains; mouth angle c. 65°; (only?) on Maireana ciliata: Coleophora ciliataephaga

2b case without sand grains, mouth angle 20-30°; on Bassia species: Coleophora deviella

3a mine full depth, very clear; larva with chitinised head: Chrysoesthia sexguttella

3b mine upper- or lower-surface; larva a maggot => 4

4a at the start of the mine, at the underside, a group of elliptic eggs shells: Pegomya hyoscyami

4b no egg shells visible: Hydrellia griseola

Tables for all parasites per species

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