Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Atriplex sagittata

synonym: Atriplex acuminata, nitens

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cardepia hartigi
flower vagrant Noctuidae Mycteroplus puniceago
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora chenopodii
predator Miridae Phytocoris nowickyi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia simpliciata
leaf gall Triozidae Heterotrioza chenopodii
flower hidden Pyralidae Gymnancyla hornigii
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus subtilis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus rubicundus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora minor
leaf leaf spot Diaporthales Ascochyta caulina
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya hyoscyami
leaf miner Gelechiidae Chrysoesthia drurella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Chrysoesthia sexguttella
leaf gall Aphididae Hayhurstia atriplicis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.iv.2023