Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Halimione portulacoides


synonym: Atriplex, Obione, portulacoides

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHenestaris laticeps
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHenestaris halophilus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus moncreaffi
leafvagrantMiridaeConostethus griseus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus divisus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus pulchellus
unknownunknownNoctuidaeEremohadena chenopodiphaga
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma laurae
leafvagrantCixiidaePentastiridius leporinus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAphrodes aestuarinus
leafminerChrysomelidaeMonoxia obesula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema tibialis
stemborerCurculionidaeCosmobaris scolopacea
unknownunknownColeophoridaeColeophora ochroflava
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis neglecta
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiscodiaspis salicorniae
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria heimi
stemgallColeophoridaeColeophora serinipennella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora adspersella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora vestianella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora guadicensis
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora afrosarda
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria obiones
leafgallAphididaeHayhurstia atriplicis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria brevipes
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza portulacoides
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora atriplicis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora picardella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora salinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora versurella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa atriplicella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa halimoniella
leafminerdoubtfulGelechiidaeScrobipalpa halymella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa instabilella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa nitentella
stemgallCecidomyiidaeStefaniella brevipalpis
leafminerGelechiidaeChrysoesthia sexguttella


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 7.v.2022