Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Chenopodium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerdoubtfulPyralidaeHomoeosoma sinuella
rootvagrantCurculionidaeAsperogronops inaequalis
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafminerChrysomelidaeMonoxia obesula
root collarvagrantCurculionidaeOmias rotundatus
root collarborerCurculionidaeConorhynchus hololeucus
stemborerCurculionidaeLixus incanescens
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLixus juncii
leafgallTriozidaeHeterotrioza chenopodii
unknownunknownThripidaeEremiothrips taghizadehi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida vittata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida nobilis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida seraphina
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida nebulosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida berolinensis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema picipes
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema tibialis
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
stemborerCurculionidaeCosmobaris scolopacea
leafgallTriozidaeHeterotrioza chenopodii
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAmetastegia equiseti
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDulophanes morio
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAmetastegia glabrata
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeAsproparthenis punctiventris
leafhiddenCrambidaeSpoladea recurvalis
rootscalePseudococcidaeMirococcus inermis
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus tergrigorianae
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenHeliodinidaeHeliodines roesella
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris sinensis
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris limbella
leafhiddenPyralidaeAncylosis oblitella
leafhiddenCrambidaeAchyra nudalis
flowerhiddenPyralidaeGymnancyla hornigii
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
unknownunknownlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeMesagroicus obscurus
rootgalllarvaCurculionidaeBothynoderes declivis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus rubicundus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus subtilis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus scabricollis
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis sambuci
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora chenopodii-ficifolii
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora chenopodii-rubri
leafleaf spotCapnodialesPassalora dubia
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera tremblayi
rootvagrantAphididaePemphigus fuscicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora motacillella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora punica
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora lebedella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora mausolella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora squalorella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora binotapennella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora orotavensis
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora unipunctella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora clypeiferella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora adspersella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora vestianella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora saxicolella
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
systemicwitches’ broomUrocystidalesThecaphora leptideum
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula cylindrospora
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora boni-henrici
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora chenopodii
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora chenopodii-glauci
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora chenopodii-polyspermi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora variabilis
leafleaf spotDiaporthalesAscochyta caulina
leafgallAphididaeHayhurstia atriplicis
leafgallAphididaeParapiesma quadratum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeStefaniella hilversidae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza chenopodivora
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza flavifrons
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza karli
leafminerAnthomyiidaeDelia echinata
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya betae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya conformis
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya cunicularia
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya exilis
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya hyoscyami
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya interruptella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora sternipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora versurella
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza graminum
leafminerEphydridaePsilopa leucostoma
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa atriplicella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa nitentella
leafminerGelechiidaeChrysoesthia drurella
leafminerGelechiidaeChrysoesthia sexguttella
leafminerGelechiidaeChrysoesthia verrucosa
leafminerGracillariidaeCalybites phasianipennella
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma pulposum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeAplonyx chenopodii
stemgallGelechiidaeScrobipalpa obsoletella
rootgallCurculionidaeBothynoderes affinis
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera schachtii
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera trifolii
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 13.iv.2021