Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sarcocornia fruticosa

synonym: Arthrocnemum fruticosum; Salicornia arabica, fruticosa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Engistus boops
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus italicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Hadrophyes sulphurella
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Henestaris irroratus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Engistus exsanguis
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema tibialis
stem gall Eriococcidae Rhizococcus devoniensis
unknown scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus glanduliferus
stem scale Diaspididae Duplachionaspis noaeae
stem scale Diaspididae Discodiaspis salicorniae
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora afrosarda
leaf bud witches’ broom Eriophyidae Aceria salicorniae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa salinella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces salicorniae
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Baldratia salicorniae
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa bradleyi
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Houardiella salicorniae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 18.iv.2022