Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Salsola

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida vittata
stemborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera pilosula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCirculifer haematoceps
stemborerCurculionidaeLixus incanescens
stemborerCurculionidaeLixus incanescens
unknownunknownCurculionidaeAsproparthenis carinata
unknownunknownCurculionidaePhilernus farinosus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeUlobaris loricata
unknownunknownCurculionidaeBaris sulcata
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMetadonus fernandoi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina bankii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta cruralis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema tibialis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema breviuscula
stemborerCurculionidaeCosmobaris scolopacea
leafvagrantAphalaridaeRhodochlanis bicolor
leafvagrantAphalaridaeRhodochlanis bicolor
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeAsproparthenis punctiventris
rootscalePseudococcidaeMirococcus inermis
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus achilleae
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris klimeschi
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris xanthopygella
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris inertella
flowerhiddenPyralidaeGymnancyla hornigii
leafhiddenCrambidaeAchyra nudalis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeScrobipalpa camphorosmella
unknownunknownScythrididaeEretmocera medinella
leafhiddenPyralidaeGymnancyla ruscinonella
rootgallCurculionidaeBothynoderes affinis
rootgalllarvaCurculionidaeBothynoderes declivis
rootscaleCoccidaeRhizopulvinaria artemisiae
stemscaleDiaspididaeDuplachionaspis noaeae
stemborerPyralidaeGymnancyla canella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora mausolella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora vermiculatella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora klimeschiella
stemborerColeophoridaeColeophora parthenica
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora sodae
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora gaviaepennella
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria salsolae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeStefaniola excelsa
flowergallCecidomyiidaeStefaniola gloma
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeStefaniola bilobata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeStefaniola salsolae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeHalodiplosis araratica
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula cylindrospora
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora vistulensis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora feoleuca
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora pseudopoecilella
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces salsolae
unknowngallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia salsolae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia salsolae
inquilineCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia salsolata
inquilineCecidomyiidaeStefaniola parva


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.iii.2021