Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Salsola

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus pumilus
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus longipennis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus rasus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus xericola
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Herpisticus calvus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Herpisticus oculatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Eremiothrips manolachei
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips frustrator
unknown unknown Thripidae Kakothrips firmoides
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Compsothrips albosignatus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aspitates ochrearia
leaf unknown Pyralidae Ancylosis roscidella
unknown scale Diaspididae Targionia nigra
unknown scale Diaspididae Targionia halophila
root borer Cerambycidae Vesperus fuentei
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis salsolae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleta perpusillaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cardepia hartigi
unknown scale Coccidae Acanthopulvinaria orientalis
unknown unknown Pentatomidae Chroantha ornatula
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Agdistis salsolae
stem borer Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa traganella
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis ripae
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Phoma salsolae
leaf pustule Phaeosphaeriaceae Hendersonia salsolae
root gall Plasmodiophoraceae Polymyxa betae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa suaedivorella
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus maritimus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Engistus commendatorius
leaf vagrant Miridae Hadrophyes sulphurella
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris serenus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Brachynema cinctum
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris obliquus
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Liorhyssus hyalinus
leaf vagrant Miridae Europiella albipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Hadrophyes decipiens
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Tarisa flavescens
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus pusillus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada stolida
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Tarisa virescens
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus palustris
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus vulneratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus moncreaffi
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema spectabilis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Ventocoris bulbifer
leaf vagrant Miridae Atomoscelis onusta
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus flavosparsus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus dimorphus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Brachynema germarii
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Eurystylus bellevoyei
leaf vagrant Miridae Solenoxyphus fuscovenosus
leaf gall Piesmatidae Parapiesma quadratum
leaf vagrant Piesmatidae Parapiesma salsolae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris conspurcatus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anarta dianthi
scale Diaspididae Getulaspis bupleuri
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus jaapi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia blenna
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anarta stigmosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anarta sodae
unknown unknown Noctuidae Eremohadena chenopodiphaga
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cardepia sociabilis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa serrula
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cinglis andalusiaria
leaf hidden Crambidae Tegostoma comparalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia cribraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Compsoptera jourdanaria
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida vittata
stem borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera pilosula
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Circulifer haematoceps
stem borer Curculionidae Lixus incanescens
stem borer Curculionidae Lixus incanescens
unknown unknown Curculionidae Asproparthenis carinata
unknown unknown Curculionidae Philernus farinosus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ulobaris loricata
unknown unknown Curculionidae Baris sulcata
unknown unknown Curculionidae Metadonus fernandoi
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina bankii
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruralis
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema tibialis
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema breviuscula
stem borer Curculionidae Cosmobaris scolopacea
leaf vagrant Aphalaridae Rhodochlanis bicolor
leaf vagrant Aphalaridae Rhodochlanis bicolor
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Asproparthenis punctiventris
root scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcus inermis
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus achilleae
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris klimeschi
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris xanthopygella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris inertella
flower hidden Pyralidae Gymnancyla hornigii
leaf hidden Crambidae Achyra nudalis
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa camphorosmella
unknown unknown Scythrididae Eretmocera medinella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Gymnancyla ruscinonella
root gall Curculionidae Bothynoderes affinis
root gall larva Curculionidae Bothynoderes declivis
root scale Coccidae Rhizopulvinaria artemisiae
stem scale Diaspididae Duplachionaspis noaeae
stem borer Pyralidae Gymnancyla canella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora mausolella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora vermiculatella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora klimeschiella
stem borer Coleophoridae Coleophora parthenica
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora sodae
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora gaviaepennella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria salsolae
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola excelsa
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola gloma
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola bilobata
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola salsolae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Halodiplosis araratica
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula cylindrospora
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora vistulensis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora feoleuca
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pseudopoecilella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces salsolae
unknown gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia salsolae
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia salsolae
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia salsolata
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola parva


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.i.2024