Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salsola kali

prickly saltwort

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Compsothrips albosignatus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleta perpusillaria
leaf vagrant Miridae Atomoscelis onusta
unknown unknown Pentatomidae Chroantha ornatula
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis ripae
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus maritimus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
leaf vagrant Miridae Europiella albipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus vulneratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus moncreaffi
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema spectabilis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Brachynema germarii
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Eurystylus bellevoyei
leaf vagrant Piesmatidae Parapiesma salsolae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris conspurcatus
leaf hidden Crambidae Tegostoma comparalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida vittata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Circulifer haematoceps
stem borer Curculionidae Lixus incanescens
stem borer Curculionidae Cosmobaris scolopacea
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema breviuscula
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema tibialis
root scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcus inermis
root gall Curculionidae Bothynoderes affinis
root gall larva Curculionidae Bothynoderes declivis
stem borer Pyralidae Gymnancyla canella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria salsolae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula cylindrospora
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora vistulensis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces salsolae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.ix.2023