Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salsola vermiculata

synonym: Caroxylon vermiculatum; Salsola agrigentina, flavescens, hispanica, microphylla, tamariscifolia, villosa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus longipennis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus rasus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus xericola
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Herpisticus oculatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Eremiothrips manolachei
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips frustrator
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
unknown unknown Thripidae Kakothrips firmoides
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
root borer Cerambycidae Vesperus fuentei
stem borer Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa traganella
predator Pteromalidae Mesopolobus maculipennis
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus seculatus
predator Torymidae Torymoides confluens
predator Torymidae Idiomacromerus longicornis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Engistus commendatorius
leaf vagrant Miridae Hadrophyes decipiens
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Tarisa flavescens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cardepia sociabilis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cinglis andalusiaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia cribraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Compsoptera jourdanaria
stem borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera pilosula
unknown unknown Curculionidae Metadonus fernandoi
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina bankii
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruralis
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris xanthopygella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris inertella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa camphorosmella
unknown unknown Scythrididae Eretmocera medinella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Gymnancyla ruscinonella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora mausolella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora vermiculatella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora gaviaepennella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola gloma
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola bilobata
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Stefaniola salsolae
unknown gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia salsolae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 14.ii.2024