Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Suaeda maritima

annual seablite

synonym: Chenopodium maritimum; Suaeda cavanillesiana

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus moncreaffi
leafvagrantMiridaeConostethus griseus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus maritimus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeBrachynema cinctum
leafvagrantMiridaePolymerus cognatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCosmobaris scolopacea
leafvagrantAphalaridaeRhodochlanis bicolor
leafhiddenGelechiidaeScrobipalpa suaedella
leafhiddenPyralidaeAncylosis oblitella
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus rubicundus
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiscodiaspis salicorniae
leafvagrantPsyllidaeRhodochlanis salicorniae
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora adspersella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora aestuariella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafminerAgromyzidaeXeniomyza ilicitensis
leafminerAnthomyiidaeBotanophila depressa
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora algeriensis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora deviella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa nitentella
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces chenopodii
stemgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia swaedae
stemgallEriophyidaeAceria caulobia
stemvagrantAphididaeClypeoaphis suaedae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 21.iv.2022