Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Basella ceylon spinach, malabar spinach

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a larva (a maggot): anterior and posterior spiracle with 6 and 3 papillae, respectively: Liriomyza trifolii

1b anterior and posterior spiracle with 7-9 and 7-12 papillae, respectively:: Liriomyza bryoniae

The genus Basella does not belong to the European flora, but B. alba is frequently cultivated in southern Europe as a salad crop.

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017